Every year, thousands of persons leave their homes seeking a better future, which has become virtually unattainable in their countries of origin. Economic hardship, lack of access to education and employment, structural violence, natural disasters, and political instability have driven people from around the world, but mainly from Central America and Mexico, to seek a new life in the United States of America.
Migration crisis and emergencies
This initiative developed by IOM in Honduras rehabilitated the Migrant Reception Centers in response to the humanitarian crisis caused by the high migratory flows of Honduran migrants who returned to the country. The project team adapted and rehabilitated the centers to provide services according to the returned population needs (migrant families and unaccompanied migrant children).
With support from IOM Guyana, the IOM office in Curacao developed an initiative to provide support to children of vulnerable migrant families, identifying their main needs and carrying out reinforcement activities to achieve better integration in the educational system. This Best Practice document explores the following carried out by the mission:
IOM developed a computer system to facilitate the registration, humanitarian assistance and reunification of internally displaced people after the Volcan de Fuego eruption in Guatemala. This document explains the characteristics of the system and the main actions carried out by the mission:
- Needs assessmen
- Designing and developing the platform
- System installation and deployment
IOM Guatemala developed SINAREM/OportuGuate a system and application to connect returned migrants searching for work with potential employers from the private sector, and to develop entrepreneurship, soft skills and to provide certification opportunities. This initiative aims to facilitate economic and labour reintegration of returned migrants by accelerating their access to these opportunities. This document describes the main actions carried out for the development of the initiative and the lessons learned and recommendations from the experience.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, shelters for migrants in the communities of Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez limited their capacity to contain the contagion, leaving newly arrived migrants without accommodation options and exposing them to additional situations of vulnerability and risks. To mitigate these risks, IOM Mexico decided to implement the Filter Hotel, a space for quarantining persons under humane conditions.
This Best Practice describes how IOM in Dominican Republic, adddressed the migrant's lack of livelihood, through Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs), during the COVID-19 pandemic. The main actions carried out, with the Embassy of Haiti in Dominican Republic and the students assiations, were:
- Humanitarian needs assessments of the Haitian migrant population.
- Selection of the beneficiaries.
- Development of the Implementation methodology to restore livelihoods.
- Monitoring the assistance to migrants.
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This good practice was developed by the IOM office in Panama, seeking to improve community health surveillance and the evaluation of epidemic-prone diseases, by strengthening community response capacity of the regional and local authorities and communities that received Venezuelan population flows in Panama.
This initiative carried out by IOM El Salvador and contribute to the strengthening of school programs and resilience in the municipality of Quezaltepeque affected by storm Ida.
IOM will support countries of origin, transit and destination as well as migrants, including displaced persons, and the communities in which they live through the provision of ongoing assistance and capacity-building to ensure that the immediate response needs are met and socioeconomic recovery is promoted.