Monitoring report  assisted voluntary return programs march 2020 – december 2021 AVR programs in mexico and north of central america countries  no. 11
Monitoring report assisted voluntary return programs march 2020 – december 2021 AVR programs in mexico and north of central america countries no. 11
Thematic Area: Return and Reintegration
Year: 2022
Language: Spanish

This special report provides an overview of key findings from the surveys4 conducted by AVR program staff in Mexico and North of Central America Countries with 688 beneficiaries from March 2020 to December 2021.


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Migration Data in Central America, North America and the Caribbean. Newsletter 2021 (external)
Thematic Area: Tendencias y gobernanza de la migración
Year: 2022
Language: Español, Inglés

Migration in the region Migration and human mobility are defining features in Central America, North America, and the Caribbean. It is well recognized that they take place in a context marked by historical, political, economic, and social ties and are driven by multiple and often overlapping factors such as poverty, inequality, slow economic growth, lack of decent jobs, labour market needs, political instability, the impact the COVID-19 pandemic, natural disasters, environmental degradation, climate change, violence, insecurity, and family ties.


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CEDAW Regional Consultation for the Preparation of a General Recommendation on the Trafficking of Women and Girls in the Context of Global Migration
Thematic Area: Trafficking in persons
Year: 2022
Language: English

Human trafficking has been addressed in international law as a crime, whose main international instrument is the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, from which the protocol to prevent, repress and punish human trafficking, especially of women and children, came about. Additionally, through resolution 04/19 of 7 December 2019, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights adopted the “Inter-American Principles on the Human Rights of all migrants, refugees, stateless persons, and victims of human trafficking,” and the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court, as well as the observations and statements issued by the different United Nations Committees, are always applicable.


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Monitoring Report Assisted Voluntary Return Programs October 2021 AVR Programs in Mexico and North of Central America Countries no. 9
Thematic Area: Return and Reintegration
Year: 2022
Language: English

This report provides an overview of the findings of surveys conducted by the IOM Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) Program in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico. Each of the 99 respondents was asked a series of 24 to 33 questions by destination country AVR teams one to three months after beneficiaries’ returns to their countries of origin.


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Monitoring report  assisted voluntary return programs  september to october 2021
Monitoring report assisted voluntary return programs september to october 2021
Thematic Area: Return and Reintegration
Year: 2022
Language: English

This report provides an overview of the findings of surveys conducted by the IOM Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) Program in Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Mexico. Each of the 102 respondents was asked a series of 24 to 33 questions by destination country AVR teams one to three months after beneficiaries’ returns to their countries of origin. The purpose of these monitoring exercises is to capture the experiences of beneficiaries of IOM AVR programs3 in Mexico and North of Central America Countries to gain a deeper understanding of how they reintegrate upon return to countries of origin. The surveys also inform the donor, stakeholders and IOM personnel of trends that could shape future programming. 


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Research Study #1 - Development of a Monitoring Toolkit and Review of Good Practices for the Sustainable Reintegration of Child Returnees
Thematic Area: Retorno y Reintegración
Year: 2022
Language: Inglés

This study was commissioned in the framework of the EU–IOM Knowledge Management Hub under the “Pilot Action on Voluntary Return and Sustainable, Community-Based Reintegration” project, funded by the European Union and implemented by IOM. The two recognized that while understanding of and evidence around the sustainable reintegration of adults has been growing, the same is not true for children – despite the fact that children are returning, alone or with families, to the very same reintegration contexts. Building on a monitoring approach for adult returnees developed in a 2017 Samuel Hall – IOM research project, this study addresses the information gap around children’s reintegration experiences.

It has three key objectives, to:

  1. Set standards, with a review of existing practice on supporting and monitoring child reintegration;
  2. Operationalize standards by developing, testing and finalizing a child-focused monitoring toolkit;
  3. Implement standards, with a new orientation for reintegration policies and programmes for children.

The full report reviews the current state of child reintegration programming and frameworks underpinning it. It presents the Child Reintegration Monitoring Toolkit developed through this study and findings from its piloting.

In a first phase, the research team explored frameworks and information on children’s rights, evidence on existing monitoring approaches, and findings from secondary data analysis and literature on the topic. A draft Toolkit was developed, tested and refined during a second research phase. It was piloted in Ethiopia, Georgia, Honduras, Iraq, and Nigeria, with 176child returnees interviewed (through 30 case studies and 146 quantitative surveys), along with 86 community members and stakeholders through FGDs and KIIs.


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Diaspora Groups of the Eastern Caribbean: Opportunities, challenges and needs for collaboration
Thematic Area: Tendencias y gobernanza de la migración
Year: 2022
Language: Inglés

The Eastern Caribbean region has some of the highest emigration rates in the world, and yet is also known for maintaining strong ties with their home countries through social groups such as diaspora organizations. These organizations have played an important function in connecting diaspora communities abroad to countries of origin, and, until now, little research has focused on diaspora organizations from the Eastern Caribbean region. This study identified the level of organization of diaspora groups from the Eastern Caribbean sub-region, their needs, challenges they face, and their level of commitment to engage with governments from countries of origin. Overall, the study mapped out diaspora organizations from Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, located in Canada, the United States of America, and the United Kingdom.


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Trends in irregular migration by sea
Trends in irregular migration by sea
Thematic Area:
Year: 2022
Language: English

This study provides information on observed migration flows, types of movements, the socio-economic profile of migrants as well as their main vulnerabilities, in order to better guide the protection interventions of IOM and its partners. 

This document presents the main migration trends, the profiles of Haitian migrants and the sources of funding used by potential migrants. 

Available in French at this link. 


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The ecosystem of actors and the dynamics at the margins of legality
The ecosystem of actors and the dynamics at the margins of legality
Thematic Area:
Year: 2022
Language:

This study provides information on observed migration flows, types of movements, the socio-economic profile of migrants as well as their main vulnerabilities, in order to better guide the protection interventions of IOM and its partners.

This document presents the main characteristics of the trafficking networks that organize the clandestine transport of Haitian migrants to foreign destinations.

Available in French at this link. 


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This is my story. "As long as there is water in the sea, I will always try"
Thematic Area:
Year: 2022
Language:

This document was made possible thanks to funding from the European Commission’s Directorate General for Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), under the project “Supporting vulnerable migrants in Haiti through improved protection” implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Available in French at this link. 


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Mapping of migration trends by sea
Mapping of migration trends by sea
Thematic Area: Tendencias y gobernanza de la migración
Year: 2022
Language: Inglés

This study provides information on observed migration flows, types of movements, the socio-economic profile of migrants as well as their main vulnerabilities, in order to better guide the protection interventions of IOM and its partners.

This document presents the main routes taken by Haitian migrants and the difficulties encountered by the boats transporting migrants clandestinely out of Haiti to foreign destinations.


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Evacuations and Disaster Risk Reduction in the Caribbean
Evacuations and Disaster Risk Reduction in the Caribbean
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2022
Language: English

Evacuations are a strategy to minimize risks associated with various types of climate change-induced hazards in the Caribbean. This study examines evacuations as a type of mobility and assesses evacuation policies, strategies and practices from a regional perspective, drawing on information from interviews with government officials, civil society groups and people affected by evacuations.

This study also draws on an analysis of policies for all Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Member States and the Dominican Republic and a region-wide survey.


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Monitoring Report Assisted Voluntary Return Programs September to October 2021 AVR PROGRAMS IN MEXICO AND NORTH OF CENTRAL AMERICA COUNTRIES No. 10
Thematic Area: Retorno y Reintegración
Year: 2022
Language: Inglés

This report provides an overview of the findings of surveys1 conducted by the IOM Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR) Program in Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Mexico.2 Each of the 102 respondents was asked a series of 24 to 33 questions by destination country AVR teams one to three months after beneficiaries’ returns to their countries of origin. 


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Finding Safer Ground: Planned Relocation Policies and Processes in The Caribbean
Thematic Area: Migration and environment
Year: 2022
Language: English

This research aims to expand the conversation about planned relocation and to focus specifically on Caribbean experiences. This report draws on good practices in order to provide tools for decision-making and to support States in addressing the needs of persons and communities that are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. This study highlights opportunities to create more holistic and effective migration and disaster risk reduction policies and draws from interviews not only with government officials but also with community members who experienced the relocation, a critical perspective for understanding how relocations are planned and implemented.


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Aruba Needs Assessment on Migration Governance
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2021
Language: English

This Migration Governance Needs Assessment presents a panoramic view of the current state of migration governance in Aruba. Through concrete evidence and data, combined with the inputs of regional stakeholders, it provides a larger perspective on opportunities for strengthening migration governance. Furthermore, it offers actionable recommendations on how to best minimize the potential risks of migration, while maximizing its economic and development benefits. The study focuses on six key thematic areas: migration policies and international standards, migration and border management, migration in the context of emergencies and disasters, migrant protection and assistance, migration and health, and labour migration and human development. This report is meant to be used as an informative tool for the government of Aruba, IOM, and other international stakeholders. 


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