Extraregional Migration in The Americas: Profiles, experiences and needs
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English, Spanish

The number of extraregional migrants in the Americas, both those who use regular means of entry and those who use irregular forms of migration, has been increasing in recent years.

This report seeks to complement the findings of the 2016 IOM report “Migrant flows with an irregular migration status from Africa, Asia and the Caribbean in Mesoamerica” updating its data and expanding the information available on the experiences and needs of extraregional migrants who travel through the region irregularly.

The present study includes a description of the sociodemographic profile of the over 350 extraregional migrants, as well as a portrait of the main experiences and needs of these migrant groups across three sections of their migration route: South America, Central America and Mexico.


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Information Hubs on Migration: Mesoamerica and the Caribbean
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English

This handbook is intended as an easily accessible guide for opening, maintaining and strengthening migration information centres. It is aimed at local government bodies, and non-State institutions and organizations wishing to serve as information hubs, in collaboration with IOM. It is hoped that this document will serve to provide community and institutional stakeholders with tools for the promotion of safe, orderly and regular migration.


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Migration Governance Indicators
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English, Spanish

The Panama Profile of the Migration Governance Indicators was developed through an inter-institutional consultation and validation process led by IOM, that was conducted from October of 2018 until April of 2019. 

The document describes examples of well-developed areas of Panama’s migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the MGI. These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

 


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Venezuelan Migrants and Refugees in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Regional Profile
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English

The analysis sheds light on variations in the profile of migrants and refugees arriving in each country; the living conditions they experience upon arrival; and their intentions to remain, move onward to another country, or return to Venezuela. As Latin American and Caribbean countries race to contain the public-health crisis, DTM data also offer important insights into where migrants and refugees turn for health care, and how readily they have been able to access it.

 
 

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Effects of COVID-19 on migrants
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

Main findings of the survey in Central America and Mexico, June 2020. This survey has the objective of generating data in order to analyze the repercussions of COVID-19 for this population and guide the response of the many actors involved in the pandemic response, migration management, and socioeconomic recovery strategies.


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Policy Brief: COVID-19 and People on the Move
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

COVID-19 leaves few lives and places untouched. But its impact is harshest for those groups who were already in vulnerable situations before the crisis. This is particularly true for many people on the move, such as migrants in irregular situations, migrant workers with precarious livelihoods, or working in the informal economy, victims of trafficking in persons as well as people fleeing their homes because of persecution, war, violence, human rights violations or disaster, whether within their own countries — internally displaced persons (IDPs) — or across international borders — refugees and asylum-seekers.


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IOM COVID-10 Response Statement
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2020
Language: English

IOM will support countries of origin, transit and destination as well as migrants, including displaced persons, and the communities in which they live through the provision of ongoing assistance and capacity-building to ensure that the immediate response needs are met and socioeconomic recovery is promoted.  


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IASC Interim Guidance - Public Health and Social Measures for COVID-19 Preparedness and Response in Low Capacity and Humanitarian Settings
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

For the purpose of this guidance, these low capacity and humanitarian settings refer to settings characterized by some or all of the following, regardless of the social, humanitarian, citizenship, migration and asylum status of its residents and where these settings are located:
1. Overcrowding and inadequate dwellings or shelter/ insufficient settlement infrastructure
2. Lack of availability of clean water and sanitation
3. High dependence on informal economy and daily wages
4. Poor access to health care and basic services
5. Disrupted health system
6. Prevalent food insecurity and malnutrition
7. Armed conflict and violence
8. Weak institutions/ challenged governance and lack of emergency response capacities
9. Prevalence of highly marginalized and underserved communities


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Shelter profiles: Assessment of preparedness of emergency shelters on Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands for 2020 hurricane season
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

Shelter profiles based on the assessment of preparedness of emergency shelters on Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands for 2020 hurricane season.


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Assessment of preparedness of emergency shelters on Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands for 2020 hurricane season
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

The objective of the project, which including a three-week field trip to Nassau, Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands, was to examine the current condition of each emergency shelter, assess operational effectiveness during Dorian, and consider the suitability of each shelter for the 2020 season. The recommendations are focussed on what actions need to be taken to ensure the islands are well prepared for the 2020 season, but also include suggestions for improvements in the medium-term.


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Standard Operating Procedures for Front-line Border Officials at the Points of Entry in Response to COVID-19 Outbreak
Thematic Area: Border management
Year: 2020
Language: English

The purpose of the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)is to provide quick guidance to border officials to prevent disease transmission and contamination of the working and living premises by COVID-19, as well as effectively manage suspected and/or probable COVID-19 cases.


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Migrants and the COVID-19 pandemic: An initial analysis
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2020
Language: English

COVID-19 has emerged in a world tightly connected by local and international population movements, with more people moving for work, education and family reasons, tourism and survival than ever in the past (Skeldon, 2018). Intense population movements, in particular of tourists and business workers, have been a key driver of the global spread of the outbreak (Hodcroft et al., 2020 and 2018). The pandemic cannot as such be attributed to migration (Banulescu-Bogdan et al., 2020).

At the same time, the presence and movements of migrants are fundamental demographic, social, cultural and economic dynamics shaping the local contexts that the pandemic is affecting. For societies and communities all around the world, accounting (or not) for migrants in COVID-19 response and recovery efforts will affect the crisis’ trajectories. Inclusive public health efforts will be crucial to effectively contain and mitigate the outbreak, reduce the overall number of people affected, and shorten the emergency situation (Berger et al., 2020). Mitigating the economic, social and psychological impacts of the outbreak (as well as relevant response measures) on all affected persons will allow for swifter recovery.

This paper analyzes the specific ways migrants have been affected by the pandemic and presents a diversity of measures adopted in migrants’ host and home countries to prevent, mitigate and address its negative impacts. By doing so, it aims to provide insights for more inclusive and effective COVID-19 policies and operations. 


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Executive Summary: Migrants in risk reduction and emergency response in Central America
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2020
Language: English

The study identifies the extent to which the migrant population is being incorporated into the normative and institutional frameworks of the National Systems of Risk Reduction and Emergency Assistance of the countries of the Central American region.


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Study results - Communication for Development campaigns
Thematic Area: Labour migration and development
Year: 2020
Language: English

As part of the Communication for Development (C4D) processes that IOM, partnering with local organizations, executes in communities in Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico and Guatemala, a study was conducted to get to know these communities. The goal was to understand the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of people regarding migration issues, and particularly regarding alternatives to irregular migration. Here are the main results. 


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Free Movement in the Caribbean: Economic and Security Dimensions
Thematic Area: Labour migration and development, Gender and migration, Migration governance and trends
Year: 2019
Language: English

The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and Caribbean Community (CARICOM) regimes for free movement of  persons  and  their  implementation  fundamentally  shape how people are moving throughout the Caribbean. This  report,  in  responding  to  needs  expressed  by  Caribbean  States,  identifies  opportunities for  capacity-building  and  partnership  to  improve harmonization, data collection, and regional cooperation.  It  examines  the  economic  and  security  dimensions  of  free  movement  of  people  in  the Caribbean region, combining a theoretical analysis of the impact of free mobility with empirical findings. The study encompasses an important review of their structures,  as  well  as  a  comprehensive  analysis  of the scope, level of implementation and concerns and opportunities that free mobility arrangements have brought to the region. 


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Guide for psychosocial care for migrants in Mesoamerica
Thematic Area: Migration Health
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

The different stages of the migration process bring specific risk factors that can generate psychosocial vulnerabilities that, when combined with other elements of risk such as pre-existing psychological, emotional and social vulnerabilities, can affect the well-being of migrants, their families and the communities of origin, transit or destination.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), in its mission of ensuring respect for human dignity and the well-being of migrants, includes - as an integral part of the organization's work - psychosocial and mental health support. These two axes are a right of all migrants, since they represent indispensable conditions to guarantee their well-being and productivity, as well as integration into destination countries.


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