DTM Regional Overview— Countries Impacted By Hurricanes Eta And Iota In Latin America And The Caribbean (December 2020)
Thematic Area: Migración y medio ambiente
Year: 2020
Language: Inglés

Between 1 and 18 November 2020, Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and parts of South America were affected by two major natural hazards - Hurricane Eta, which reached the second highest hurricane classification of Category 4, followed by Hurricane Iota, which peaked at the highest classification of Category 5. Both hurricanes caused strong impacts in the region, particularly in 10 countries including Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica (and other Caribbean islands), Mexico, Nicaragua and Panama, affecting more than 7 million people as of 2 December 2020. Amongst these, Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua are the most affected.

This IOM DTM report provides a regional overview of countries affected by this environmental emergency, derived from data collected and published by governments in the region, the United Nations (UN) and other intergovernmental entities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), media reports and country-level DTM exercises.


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Reintegration Counselling: A Psychosocial Approach
Thematic Area: Return and Reintegration, Migration Health
Year: 2020
Language: English

The present guide is intended to provide key information on the importance of a psychosocial approach to post-arrival reintegration counselling, describing the basic counselling and communication skills necessary to conduct a successful and psychologically informed reintegration counselling interview with a returned migrant. It is a practical tool to support the reintegration counselor during the reintegration counselling process. 


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Migration Trends in Central America, North America, and the Caribbean During COVID-19 - IOM - November20
Migration Trends in Central America, North America, and the Caribbean During COVID-19 - IOM - November20
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English, Spanish

The International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Regional Office for Central America, North America and the Caribbean presents this brief in order to highlight several key changes and trends in mobility and migration that have occurred during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic. The brief focuses on official statistics from January to August 2020, using data from 2019 as a reference. Most of the information is derived from official records published and maintained by governments in the region.


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Information Hubs on Migration: Mesoamerica and the Caribbean
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English

This handbook is intended as an easily accessible guide for opening, maintaining and strengthening migration information centres. It is aimed at local government bodies, and non-State institutions and organizations wishing to serve as information hubs, in collaboration with IOM. It is hoped that this document will serve to provide community and institutional stakeholders with tools for the promotion of safe, orderly and regular migration.


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Protocole de detection, referencement, surveillance et suivi des cas de COVID-19 sur la frontiere terrestre entre Haiti et la Republique Dominicaine
Thematic Area: Gestión de fronteras, Migración y Salud
Year: 2020
Language: Francés

Malgré la fermeture de la frontière terrestre entre Haiti et la République Dominicaine le 16 mars 2020, de nombreux mouvements sont enregistrés par le réseau de surveillance frontalière mis en place par l’Organisation Internationale pour les Migrations (OIM). Certains migrants présentent déjà des symptômes d’insuffisance respiratoire aigüe, de grippe ou de COVID-19, comme la fièvre et de la toux. Dans ce contexte, il apparait crucial et urgent de mettre en place un protocole de contrôle de ces mouvements migratoires à la frontière, principalement pour les retours de migrants haïtiens en provenance de la République voisine. 

Le protocole repose sur les 4 axes principaux du protocole de l’OMS à savoir : 1. Détection des voyageurs symptomatiques (fièvre, toux, etc); 2. Consultation des voyageurs symptomatiques afin de déterminer s’ils sont atteints du COVID-19; 3. Notification des alertes de voyageurs malades chez lesquels une infection par le COVID-19 est suspectée; 4. Isolement, prise en charge initiale et orientation-recours des voyageurs malades chez lesquels une infection par le COVID-19 est présumée. 


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Migration Governance Indicators
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English, Spanish

The Panama Profile of the Migration Governance Indicators was developed through an inter-institutional consultation and validation process led by IOM, that was conducted from October of 2018 until April of 2019. 

The document describes examples of well-developed areas of Panama’s migration governance structures and areas with potential for further development, as evaluated through the six domains of the MGI. These address migrants’ rights, a “whole-of-government” approach, partnerships, socioeconomic well-being of migrants, the mobility dimensions of crises, and safe and orderly migration.

 


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Venezuelan Migrants and Refugees in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Regional Profile
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English

The analysis sheds light on variations in the profile of migrants and refugees arriving in different countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, their living conditions, their experience upon arrival, and their intentions to remain, move to another country, or return to Venezuela. As Latin American and Caribbean countries struggle to contain the public-health crisis, these DTM data also offer important insights into where migrants and refugees turn for health care, and how readily they have been able to acccess it. 

 
 

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Effects of COVID-19 on migrants
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

Main findings of the survey in Central America and Mexico, June 2020. This survey has the objective of generating data in order to analyze the repercussions of COVID-19 for this population and guide the response of the many actors involved in the pandemic response, migration management, and socioeconomic recovery strategies.


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Policy Brief: COVID-19 and People on the Move
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

COVID-19 leaves few lives and places untouched. But its impact is harshest for those groups who were already in vulnerable situations before the crisis. This is particularly true for many people on the move, such as migrants in irregular situations, migrant workers with precarious livelihoods, or working in the informal economy, victims of trafficking in persons as well as people fleeing their homes because of persecution, war, violence, human rights violations or disaster, whether within their own countries — internally displaced persons (IDPs) — or across international borders — refugees and asylum-seekers.


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IOM COVID-10 Response Statement
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2020
Language: English

IOM will support countries of origin, transit and destination as well as migrants, including displaced persons, and the communities in which they live through the provision of ongoing assistance and capacity-building to ensure that the immediate response needs are met and socioeconomic recovery is promoted.  


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IASC Interim Guidance - Public Health and Social Measures for COVID-19 Preparedness and Response in Low Capacity and Humanitarian Settings
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

For the purpose of this guidance, these low capacity and humanitarian settings refer to settings characterized by some or all of the following, regardless of the social, humanitarian, citizenship, migration and asylum status of its residents and where these settings are located:
1. Overcrowding and inadequate dwellings or shelter/ insufficient settlement infrastructure
2. Lack of availability of clean water and sanitation
3. High dependence on informal economy and daily wages
4. Poor access to health care and basic services
5. Disrupted health system
6. Prevalent food insecurity and malnutrition
7. Armed conflict and violence
8. Weak institutions/ challenged governance and lack of emergency response capacities
9. Prevalence of highly marginalized and underserved communities


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Assessment of preparedness of emergency shelters on Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands for 2020 hurricane season
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

The objective of the project, which including a three-week field trip to Nassau, Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands, was to examine the current condition of each emergency shelter, assess operational effectiveness during Dorian, and consider the suitability of each shelter for the 2020 season. The recommendations are focussed on what actions need to be taken to ensure the islands are well prepared for the 2020 season, but also include suggestions for improvements in the medium-term.


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Shelter profiles: Assessment of preparedness of emergency shelters on Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands for 2020 hurricane season
Thematic Area:
Year: 2020
Language:

Shelter profiles based on the assessment of preparedness of emergency shelters on Grand Bahama and the Abaco Islands for 2020 hurricane season.


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Standard Operating Procedures for Front-line Border Officials at the Points of Entry in Response to COVID-19 Outbreak
Thematic Area: Border management
Year: 2020
Language: English

The purpose of the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)is to provide quick guidance to border officials to prevent disease transmission and contamination of the working and living premises by COVID-19, as well as effectively manage suspected and/or probable COVID-19 cases.


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Migrants and the COVID-19 pandemic: An initial analysis
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2020
Language: English

COVID-19 has emerged in a world tightly connected by local and international population movements, with more people moving for work, education and family reasons, tourism and survival than ever in the past (Skeldon, 2018). Intense population movements, in particular of tourists and business workers, have been a key driver of the global spread of the outbreak (Hodcroft et al., 2020 and 2018). The pandemic cannot as such be attributed to migration (Banulescu-Bogdan et al., 2020).

At the same time, the presence and movements of migrants are fundamental demographic, social, cultural and economic dynamics shaping the local contexts that the pandemic is affecting. For societies and communities all around the world, accounting (or not) for migrants in COVID-19 response and recovery efforts will affect the crisis’ trajectories. Inclusive public health efforts will be crucial to effectively contain and mitigate the outbreak, reduce the overall number of people affected, and shorten the emergency situation (Berger et al., 2020). Mitigating the economic, social and psychological impacts of the outbreak (as well as relevant response measures) on all affected persons will allow for swifter recovery.

This paper analyzes the specific ways migrants have been affected by the pandemic and presents a diversity of measures adopted in migrants’ host and home countries to prevent, mitigate and address its negative impacts. By doing so, it aims to provide insights for more inclusive and effective COVID-19 policies and operations. 


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