Extraregional Migration in The Americas: Profiles, experiences and needs
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2020
Language: English, Spanish

The number of extraregional migrants in the Americas, both those who use regular means of entry and those who use irregular forms of migration, has been increasing in recent years.

This report seeks to complement the findings of the 2016 IOM report “Migrant flows with an irregular migration status from Africa, Asia and the Caribbean in Mesoamerica” updating its data and expanding the information available on the experiences and needs of extraregional migrants who travel through the region irregularly.

The present study includes a description of the sociodemographic profile of the over 350 extraregional migrants, as well as a portrait of the main experiences and needs of these migrant groups across three sections of their migration route: South America, Central America and Mexico.


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Guide for psychosocial care for migrants in Mesoamerica
Thematic Area: Migration Health
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

The different stages of the migration process bring specific risk factors that can generate psychosocial vulnerabilities that, when combined with other elements of risk such as pre-existing psychological, emotional and social vulnerabilities, can affect the well-being of migrants, their families and the communities of origin, transit or destination.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM), in its mission of ensuring respect for human dignity and the well-being of migrants, includes - as an integral part of the organization's work - psychosocial and mental health support. These two axes are a right of all migrants, since they represent indispensable conditions to guarantee their well-being and productivity, as well as integration into destination countries.


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PRM Funded Regional Migration Capacity-Building Programs - Monitoring Report
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2019
Language: English

This report provides a summary of the key takeaways from monitoring missions by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Regional Migration Capacity-Building Programs (RMCBPs) between May 2018 and July 2019. The program was funded by the United States Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM).


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Glossary on Migration
Thematic Area:
Year: 2019
Language: English

Similarly to previous ones, this edition of the IOM Glossary on Migration is an accessible collection of definitions of migrationrelated terminology. It is designed for a broad range of persons engaging with migration at the international level. It also provides some insights on regional and national practices.


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Event Memory on the First Congress on Women in Migratory Contexts
Thematic Area: Gender and migration
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

The Regional Conference on Migration (CRM), as a regional consultation process committed to the Human Rights of migrants, has promoted various initiatives throughout its 23 years of existence. “Migrant women” is a current theme with a very significant impact on regional migration dynamics, and requires strengthening from the regional and internal levels of the Member Countries of this conference.

The States that make up this conference have identified that the role of women in migratory dynamics is increasingly relevant and has taken different facets when migrating, since they not only undertake the journey alone, but also accompanied by their children and daughters; or, they are established at the destination and subsequently make every effort to achieve family reunification.


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Guidelines for the care and protection of women in the context of migration
Thematic Area: Gender and migration
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

This document responds to the commitment of the eleven Member Countries of the Regional Conference on Migration (CRM) to promote, protect and guarantee the rights of migrant women in the region, in accordance with their international commitments. The countries of origin, transit, destination and return of the CRM join their efforts for migrant women through this document, which will serve as a reference for the development, design and implementation of actions at the national level in each of the eleven countries.


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Protocol for identification, assistance and reintegration of survivors of trafficking in persons
Thematic Area: Trafficking in persons
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

The purpose of this Protocol is to establish a reference mechanism to safely and coordinately address assistance to survivors of internal and international trafficking, optimizing resources and efforts. In that sense, it aims to increase institutional capacities to achieve the successful socio-economic reintegration of trafficking survivors, strengthening coordination and communication mechanisms that facilitate documentation, monitoring and evaluation of cases.


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The Migrant Population in Risk Reduction and Emergency Assistance in Central America (Full Report)
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

This study analyzes the disaster risk reduction instruments of the Central American countries classified in: laws, regulations and decrees (of a binding nature), policies and plans (of a programmatic and strategic nature); and finally manuals, guides and protocols (of an operational nature), based on the information available and made public, in order to determine the extent to which the migrant population is being included in these national agendas.


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Regional Framework Law on Migration with a Human Rights Approach
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

The purpose of the "Regional Framework Law" is to create a legal and guiding framework that contributes to a safe, orderly and regular migration, based on respect, guaranteeing the human rights of migrants in all phases of the migration process, giving special attention to populations in vulnerable conditions in the Central America region, the Caribbean Basin and Mexico.


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Mexico: Flow monitoring diagnosis and displacement tracking
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

This study, conducted by IOM in June 2019, provides information on the migration dynamics in Tapachula, at the southern border of Mexico. The activities were undertaken along with government institutions, two shelters (Jesús el Buen Pastor and Diocesano El Belén), civil society organizations and universities, such as the Mexican University Institute (IUDM) in Tapachula. Its goal is to provide preliminary impressions about the migration flows in the municipality, their attention capabilities and the characteristics of the migrant population in Tapachula.


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Panama – Analysis Of Flow Monitoring Surveys To Extrarregional Migrants
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2019
Language: English

In Panama, the DTM was activated in 2019 in response to the arrival of extra-regional migrants from the Caribbean, Africa and Asia, though the National Park Darien in the Colombia border. The DTM is operated in Panama with the aim of collecting, analyzing and disseminating critical and multi-level information on the mobility, vulnerabilities and needs of populations on moving, enabling decision-makers to provide context-specific assistance.


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Human mobility in the climate agenda of the Americas: Needs and Opportunities
Thematic Area: Migration and environment
Year: 2019
Language: Spanish

(Available only in Spanish) This publication seeks to determine the state of integration of references to mobility in climate frameworks, and identifies a series of opportunities to make concrete progress in this area.


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The Tale of the Lion and the Coyote
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2019
Language: English, Spanish

Illustrated children's book that recounts the migratory journey of the raggae band Talawa.


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Emergency Shelter Management Manual for Shelter Managers and Coordinators in the Commonwealth of Dominica
Thematic Area: Migration crisis and emergencies
Year: 2019
Language: English

The Emergency Shelter Management Manual for Shelter Managers and Coordinators in the Commonwealth of Dominica aims to:

- Promote an understanding of effective Emergency Shelter Management

- Provide clarity on structure, referrals, roles, and responsibilities

- Give guidance on best practice approaches and actions

- Provide practical tools and protocols to effectively plan, implement and monitor Emergency Shelters

The ultimate goal is that all actors involved in Emergency Shelter Management in Dominica are well equipped with the indispensable knowledge, skills and resources to manage emergency shelters successfully.


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Characteristics of the process for gathering and using administrative records on migration in Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean
Thematic Area: Migration governance and trends
Year: 2019
Language: English

Evidence-based migration policies are a fundamental component of good migration governance. However, several recent studies and assessments review the multiple challenges to ensure the availability of up-to-date data and information and to understand the reality of migrations in the region.
Responding to this need, the International Organization for Migration developed the project under which this study is framed, which is financed through the IOM Development Fund. This project precisely seeks to promote collaboration among countries and contribute to the strengthening of their institutional capacities. The product of this collaboration will be the creation of a Regional System of migratory statistics that provides the necessary information for the elaboration of national policies based on evidence.


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IOM Handbook on Protection and Assistance for Migrants Vulnerable to Violence, Exploitation and Abuse
Thematic Area: Trafficking in persons
Year: 2019
Language: English

This handbook presents the determinants of migrant vulnerability (DOMV) model for analyzing and responding to migrant vulnerability. The DOMV model is specifically designed to address the protection and assistance needs of a specific subset of migrants: those who have experienced or are vulnerable to violence, exploitation, and abuse before, during or after the migration process.  


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